Fuchs Dystrophy: Causes, symptoms & treatment

Fuchs also pronounced as “fooks” dystrophy is a particular eye disease in which cells coating inner surface of the cornea slowly starts dissipating and the disease usually affect both the eyes.

Causes


Fuchs dystrophy is mostly inherited which means it can be passed down from parents and ancestors. In case both the parents have the diseases, chances in children developing the condition are more than 50-percent. Still, the anomaly may occur in individuals without any previous family record concerning the disease. Severity of the disease would decide if one’s required having an eye surgery in Abu Dhabi.

Fuchs dystrophy is more common among the females as compared to male population and vision problems due to the disease don’t appear before the age of 50. An expert healthcare provider; mostly an ophthalmologist is better at detecting preliminary signs of the disease among the individuals in their 30s and 40s.


It affects thin cellular layer lining at the rear of the cornea whereas these cells help pumping excess fluid out of the cornea. As more and more cells die down, fluid begins forming up in the cornea that causes inflammation and cloudy cornea.

During initial stage, the fluid may build only during sleep when the eyes are shut. Small blisters may form as the disease gets worse, eventually enlarging the blisters and breaking them, causing severe pain in the eyes. Fuchs dystrophy can also reshape the corneal structure which further stimulates vision anomalies and ability to see clearly.

Signs & symptoms

Common indications of Fuchs dystrophy include;
  • Pain in the eye(s)
  • Excess sensitivity to light and glare
  • Foggy and blurred vision
  • Appearance of coloured halos around lights
  • Severe worsening of the vision throughout the day
  • In extreme cases, eye surgery in Abu Dhabi is prescribed to have the condition treated.

Eye tests & examination

Ophthalmologists can diagnose Fuchs dystrophy through a slit-lamp examination whereas other tests may be performed for concluding the disease that includes;
  • Pachymetry: measurement of the corneal thickness
  • Specular microscope examination: Allowing the physician to examine thin cellular layer lining up at the back of the cornea
  • Visual Acuity Test

Treatment

Doctor may prescribe certain eye drops or ointment that can extract the fluid from the cornea thereby relieving the underlying cause of Fuchs dystrophy. In case painful sores develop over the cornea, soft contact eye surgery in Abu Dhabi to create folds on the sores may be recommended to soothe the pain however, corneal transplant is the only permanent cure of the disease.

Over the years, a new procedure known as endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK, DSEK or DMEK) has been highly preferred for the treatment of Fuchs dystrophy. It involves replacement of only the inner corneal layers rather than all thus leading to swift recovery and lesser complications. Stitches aren’t often needed but it depends on the depth of the procedure.

Conclusion


A person with severe Fuchs dystrophy may become blind if delaying the corneal transplant or prescribed eye surgery in Abu Dhabi so always be vigilant.

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